Facing The Grim Arithmetic: The Paid Ministry of Cogwa

Update: 01/25/2011:  Update examining Cogwa 01/20/2011 Member Letter

According to James Malm of The Shining Light Blog, the following was said about the paid ministry of Cogwa:  “Richard Pinelli’s morning briefing seems to strongly indicate that only 35 to 40 of the 65 plus resigning paid elders will be employed.  In a month or two when the initial funding dries up the economic situation will get much harder.  COGAWA folks should be prepared for a big funding drive very soon. Reality will quickly be setting in; see yesterday’s post.  Many of these paid elders have never held a real life job and this situation will get much worse over time [1].”  Now, I could find no confirmation of this on the Cogwa site itself [2], as I was interested in checking it out and found no archives listed for the briefing.

Nevertheless, coming as I do from one of the areas most heavily affected by the creation of Cogwa (in a state in which all of the paid ministers left for the breakaway organization but about 2/3 of the members stayed with United), this particular situation has been of considerable interest to me, especially given my own experiences with the organizers of Cogwa.  Let us examine why the situation is so grim for these men, and why they have my sincerest sympathies for their plight, even given the dishonorable way in which they put themselves in that position.

By and large, the paid ministry of the Church of God as a whole belong to a group of people who were educated in the Worldwide Church of God at Ambassador College.  Many, if not most, of these people have worked in either the Worldwide Church of God or some other organization since their early 20’s, without any jobs in the outside world (outside of the Church of God) that is.  This is highly relevant because despite the fact that many of these members had highly generous retirement plans within United, they have not paid into the Social Security system and therefore will not receive retirement benefits from the government.

So, what we have are ministers in their 50’s and older (for the most part) without any social security who are nearing the age of retirement without any government assistance to fall back on but with a small member base that cannot support their own salaries to the extent they expected.  Many of these men were probably promised a steady salary and are clearly concerned (as well they ought to be) about how they will be able to retire in the manner of living to which they have become accustomed.  And yet it appears that the means for this are not available to them because they have too top-heavy of a base.

This is truly grim arithmetic, grimmer still when one realizes that a large portion of the membership present within the organization is from countries in Latin America who have been dependent on large subisides from the United States and are not very self-sufficient.  Rather than providing a base of tithe-paying members for the new organization, these members and their paid ministry represent a potential drain on the resources of their member base within the United States, especially if the $500,000+ annual subsidy is maintained to support this area.  Ministers whose own livelihood and retirement are threatened may not be willing to pay such a sum to support other areas when they cannot take care of their own lifestyle.

Let us therefore perform a bit of triage and examine who among this group of paid ministers whose work experience consists largely of being pastors of congregations in a Church of God organization and whose education is largely (if not completely) from the unaccredited Ambassador College is likely to receive a salary.  There are likely to be a lot of wives that have to work (or go back to work) to support their families, and there is likely to be a major funding drive to attempt, in the short-term at least, to shore up finances and allow for the salaries of these men to be paid.

First, we must answer the question (assuming that the numbers cited by Mr. Malm are accurate concerning the salaries of Cogwa) of whether there will be 35 to 40 full-time paid ministers or if there will be a larger number of ministers paid, but with a partial salary rather than a full one.  The choice is between a smaller effect (but still serious) over a larger group of people or a larger effect on a smaller group of people.  Let us further assume that the those higher ups in the new organization on either the board of directors or leadership team(about 10 or so men) will receive full salaries.

This leaves 25 to 30 full-time salaries to divide between 60 pastors.  That means that, if every pastor on the leadership team and board of directors receives a full-time salary, then no other minister would be able to receive more than a half-time salary unless someone else is to be without pay.  This has some serious implications.  How is it to be decided which ministers are to be paid and which are not?

Assuming (as is likely) that there will be a centralized collection of money and distribution to the pastors (through the IAO or through the new organization, or a mixture of the two), then it is the interim leadership team that will have to make the difficult choices of who gets paid how much when there is (apparently) not enough money to go around.  There would appear to be at least three possible criteria for determining who gets a salary.  First, there is seniority.  Those who have served at the highest levels (regional pastor, administration, former Council of Elders members) may expect to receive salaries on account of their name recognition and visibility, as may those who have worked in the past with magazines and other media efforts.  Second, there is the arithmetic of numbers.  Ministers may be paid on how many members they brought with them.  Say one minister in Jacksonville brought almost no one but another minister in Houston brought 300 or so with him–in this criterion it would appear that if a choice had to be made, the ministers with the larger congregations would be first in line for the paychecks and those with smaller congregations (or without a congregational base) may receive no salary at all.  Third, there is the matter of money.  It may not be enough simply to have a large congregation, but it may be necessary to have enough tithes and offerings coming from the congregation to support a salary.  For example, having 40 members in the Tampa Bay area might count for more in terms of a salary than having 100 in El Salvador when push comes to shove.

It is unclear at this point what will be done, if indeed something must be done.  There are obviously a few solutions that would work out better–the best option for them, of course, would be to secure enough funds to be able to pay everyone, hope for enough growth to make those salaries sustainable and to allow a work to be done.  The other options would mean no public work and the ugly and unpleasant task of determining who gets paid and who does not, based on some system of criteria (such as I have detailed above).  When you have lots of chiefs, and not a lot of Indians, though, this sort of dilemma is likely to come up.  It is possible, if some church areas are independently incorporated and remain so (like most of those in Florida), that some independent means of local financing may be provided, but this is likely to be frowned upon, if not considered strang verboten, by the Cogwa administration.

Update: 01/25/2011

My above comments about the likelihood of a funding drive to shore up the questionable finances of Cogwa appear to be right on target.  On January 20, 2011 Cogwa’s interim team released a message to the members emphasizing the importance of sharing among congregations [3]:

As it relates to the Church family, the concept of sharing is one of the identifying marks of the people of God. In Acts 2:42 Luke records that the Church “continued steadfastly in the apostles’ doctrine and fellowship, in the breaking of bread, and in prayers.” The word “fellowship” is from the Greek word koinonia, generally taken to mean goodwill toward other members of the group. However, fellowship in the sense of just socializing with each other does not capture the full meaning of koinonia—it means sharing to meet the needs of others.

Consider Acts 2:42-47. We read that those who believed “had all things in common, and sold their possessions and goods, and divided them among all, as anyone had need.” The New American Standard Bible says they “were sharing.” This remarkable attitude continued. As Luke later notes, “the multitude of those who believed were of one heart and one soul; neither did anyone say that any of the things he possessed was his own, but they had all things in common” (Acts 4:32). God’s people are to be one in all ways, sharing not only our physical possessions, but in “one heart and one soul” having “in common” our prayers, hopes, joys, trials, dangers, blessings and struggles.

And for what purposes does the leadership of Cogwa think it necessary to preach sharing among its ministry?  See below [3]:

When it comes to the resources for His Church, then, we have a shared responsibility to be involved in the work Christ commissioned for His people. We all contribute to serving and supporting the work in several broad areas:

  • Proclaiming the gospel to the whole world.
  • Making disciples as God the Father calls them.
  • Teaching those disciples.
  • Caring for the disciples.
  • Doing good to all, and especially to those of the household of faith.

As we begin anew, we are committed to preaching the gospel to the world and caring for everyone God calls. This can only be done through the sharing of financial resources. While each member is individually accountable to God for managing what He has given to us, as a church organization some of us have the fiduciary responsibility toward God and one another to properly collect, protect, spend and account for our financial resources, both at the local and national levels.

In short, Cogwa needs money, and they need it now, so they are urging even those congregations who have collected local funds to share with the needy in the rest of the organization [3]:

Now we are at a time when, as a household, we need to agree upon the general financial guidelines by which we will operate. In our start-up phase some church areas have already been collecting tithes and offerings while others have not. Whether we are looking at local congregations or entire regions of the world, some areas have plenty while others have little, so we quickly find ourselves having to determine what is the most efficient and effective stewardship. While there is nothing wrong with collecting funds locally, decades of experience has taught us that having a centralized method for receiving and disbursing the majority of the tithes and offerings is by far the most equitable and effective means for fulfilling our commission to preach the gospel and care for the brethren. Many things can be handled only from a central source, such as proclaiming the gospel, international subsidies, festivals, camps, educational programs, employees, communications, etc.

Following this letter is a proposal outlining our recommendations for financial management. It allows, as we have for the last 15 years, for both central and local collections of tithes and offerings. Some local congregations have already collected a considerable amount of money, which is understandable since we have had a central post office box for only three weeks. However, in order to move forward with making plans to hire employees to be able to preach the gospel and care for the congregations, we need to be able to accurately gauge the income that will be received centrally.

With this in mind, we ask that you carefully read the attached proposal and, as congregations with your pastors, discuss this plan. Ultimately, of course, it is your decision as to where you choose to send your tithes and offerings, but we hope and pray that everyone will understand the balance between local and centralized needs and the need to share resources accordingly. We believe this proposal strikes a good balance in that respect and that all of us pulling together in this way is by far the most effective way to manage our resources and move forward.

Of course, Cogwa would rather not have to conduct a funding drive so soon after starting, but reality is reality [3]:

We wish we did not have to deal with these physical concerns, but it is a reality of life and part of responsible stewardship. We all know very well that only through God’s mercy and help can we be successful in preaching the gospel and caring for His children, but His people continually demonstrate a deep desire to fulfill those goals. We are also confident that when “the household of God” is established on the firm foundation of fellowship of heart and sharing of resources, God will truly bless our efforts.

Thank you for taking the time to consider what we have written. In our human weaknesses, we all sometimes make mistakes in judgment and behavior; but in God’s strength, we are striving to do things right and in a manner pleasing to Him. Thank you for your commitment, the ideas you’ve shared, your encouragement, your service and your sacrifice. None of that is taken for granted, and it is deeply appreciated.

Such is the grim arithmetic facing the leadership of Cogwa, as I stated above in my original post.  To try to overcome the problems of that grim arithmetic Cogwa has proposed a certain set of financial principles to allow for paid elders in every congregation, but doing so will require all funds above the minimum in local congregations to be sent to the “central account.”  The entire financial procedures have been included in footnote [4].  Goodbye local autonomy, hello hierarchy.

[1] http://theshininglight.info/?p=1998

[2] http://www.cogwa.org/index.html

[3] http://www.cogwa.org/members.html


Financial Procedures for the Church of God, a Worldwide Association

Collection and Disbursement of Financial Resources During the Interim Start-Up Phase
Submitted by the Interim Leadership Team and Board of Directors
January 2011

Paul’s use of the body metaphor to describe the Church inspires a mental image of a coordinated, graceful athlete in motion. Every muscle, nerve, joint and sinew must work in perfect complement to produce the best result. Every part is needed; each is respected and appreciated.

The principle of coordination and connection applies not only to every individual Church member, but to our combined efforts to do the work of the Church, locally and nationally. As we move from our formative stage, we will learn how best to work together. Some financial responsibilities can be administered more efficiently centrally, some locally. Achieving balance will be an ongoing process.

Following the Laws of the Land

Paul taught early Christians to obey the civil authorities and pay taxes (Romans 13). The U.S. laws and regulations governing exempt organizations such as ours are voluminous, and some are complex. It is our intent to always, to the best of our ability, follow the laws of the land (unless they are in opposition to God’s law, which comes first). This requires a certain level of expertise.

For example, interpreting and applying Internal Revenue Code rules and regulations properly will require constant communication between local congregations and the central office. Consistent compliance will require developing certain policies and procedures that must be followed at all levels.

Principles for Start-Up Considerations

Our goal is to begin providing Church subsidies to cover local congregational costs sometime after the Days of Unleavened Bread, if at all possible. For the intervening three months, it is important for congregations to cover their costs out of local funds. But once these needs are met, what happens to monies collected above and beyond the local needs? We are requesting that excess funds beyond a reasonable reserve be sent to the central office.

The Church of God, a Worldwide Association, is in a start-up phase, although certain considerations required at the birth of an organization will change as it matures. The immediate critical success factors are:

  1. Prepare forecasts, budgets and plans.
  2. Pay for required local congregational needs, such as halls, supplies and sound systems.
  3. Provide financial assistance for needy members and retirees.
  4. Provide an employed pastor for every congregation.

But we need to be extremely frugal. Spending decisions should always be made with care, and in the start-up phase expenditures must be made only for what is absolutely necessary.

As we stabilize and can forecast income with greater confidence, the next steps will include finalizing long-term governance, selecting leaders and administrators, developing strategies for doing the work of the Church including spreading the gospel, and allocating resources based on those decisions.

Barely a month into its organization, the Church of God, a Worldwide Association, has funds both in a central account and (of unknown amounts) in many local church accounts. This makes it impossible to forecast, budget and allocate responsibly.

Our first step is to decide how we are going to approach the initial critical success factors listed above. We suggest the following:

  • Both the central office and each congregation should prepare a budget.
  • Each local congregation should be responsible for paying for its immediate needs. If sufficient funds are not available locally, a subsidy will be sent from the central office.
  • Providing financial assistance to either congregations or needy members should be primarily handled centrally, in coordination with the local pastor. Local congregations should keep enough money in reserves to handle unforeseen emergency needs.
  • As funds permit, the hiring of pastors should be managed centrally and not attempted locally.

These matters require centralized forecasting, budgeting and planningthat can only be accomplished with a coordinated pooling of resources. If individual congregations desire to continue collecting funds locally, the costs involved in the financial management of the local congregation should be considered. Costs not readily seen are those related to pastoral care and providing for those in need, including widows and retirees. Without some system of sharing resources, we may find that our widows and retirees will be without support. We believe this is unacceptable for the Church of God based on the scriptures that insist we care for these individuals. A laborer is worthy of his hire, and pure religion is to visit the fatherless and widows in their need (1 Timothy 5:18; James 1:27).

Local Start-Up Considerations

Anyone should feel free to send their tithes and offerings to the local congregation, the central account or both. But they should make an informed decision. Following is a suggested plan of action for our interim, start-up period.

  1. Each local pastorate (which may include two, three, four or even five congregations) should establish a local bank account. In some cases several congregations may choose to use one account because of the size of each congregation. Instructions were sent previously to pastors on how to properly do this.
  2. Where local accounts exist, an advisory finance committee should be established, including a treasurer who will sign checks. The pastor should approve payments, but not sign checks.
  3. The advisory finance committee should develop a budget for the next three months, through the Days of Unleavened Bread festival season.
  4. In principle, especially during start-up, reserves should be kept at a level that is adequate to cover budgeted needs and include a contingency for unexpected expenses—no more, no less.
  5. We are requesting that funds in excess of the reserve amount be sent to the central account. In cases where members contributed locally before a central office was established, the approval of the congregation should also be sought. It would be very helpful if this first payment were made as soon as possible.
  6. The advisory finance committee should adopt financial policies and procedures to provide proper internal controls and reporting. Additional guidance will be provided soon.

As members understand the local policy and the rationale behind it, many may feel comfortable sending their tithes and offerings directly to the central account. The choice, however, is theirs.

These local policies and procedures are of vital importance. Why? Consider, for example:

  • The Internal Revenue Service has specific rules concerning providing receipts for donations collected.
  • Policies must be in place to accept donations that are restricted for a specific purpose.
  • Proper internal controls require that those who open the mail and make deposits are not the same ones who do the accounting and receipt preparations.

The point is, we will have to work together in the coming days to ensure we have proper procedures in place based on God’s principles and the laws of the land.

International Subsidies

One very important question we must answer is how will we handle international subsidies? The Church always has felt the need to share resources from the United States with less fortunate areas of the world and areas where the member base is too small to provide adequate funding. Since our commission is to preach the gospel to the world, we must be willing to share our financial blessings.

Our goal is to begin paying international subsidies by the first of March, if at all possible. Those subsidies will be based on budgets submitted by each area outside the United States. Decisions will be made for each area based on needs and available funds. In order to institute such a system and maintain it in an equitable manner, we are asking that funds for international subsidies be sent to and distributed from the central office instead of locally.


Based on our desire to preach the gospel to the world and to care for those whom God has called and will call, we are asking that all congregations consider carefully the principles laid out in this proposal.

Based on these principles we are requesting that everyone consider sending tithes and offerings (including Holy Day offerings) to a central location for accounting and distribution purposes. Budgets will be established for the Church based on the amount of income that is received in the central office. It is critically important for us to be able to establish a consistent flow of income in order to properly establish budgets for fulfilling the two major aspects of our commission. It will also be important for us to have an adequate flow of income to the central office before we can employ pastors for all our congregations.

Any congregation that chooses to collect funds locally must make sure they are in full compliance with IRS regulations. More information will be provided as time goes by. We are asking that salaries and business expenses for Church employees not be handled from local accounts. We are also asking that Holy Day offerings be sent to the central office (as has been our tradition) to make possible preaching the gospel and caring for those God has called.

We have a big job ahead of us in developing an infrastructure for fulfilling our commission. As we develop this infrastructure, we must not forget about those who will need financial assistance from the beginning. For example, there are widows and retirees who have little or no support except from the Church. We believe that Jesus Christ uses pastors and teachers in the process of “bringing many sons to glory” (Hebrews 2:10), as we all develop spiritually as the children of God. As we begin with a new organization, we must carefully consider how we do things and become even more efficient in allocating the resources that God provides.

We know that God will provide for our needs, but we must show ourselves to be good stewards of the funds that are sent to us. Our commitment is to be transparent with the expenditure of God’s tithes and offerings—accountable first and foremost to God, but also to those who have committed themselves to the success of the new organization.

If you have any questions during this transition period, please refer them to Richard Thompson, who will serve as the financial advisor for the Interim Leadership Team.

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14 Responses to Facing The Grim Arithmetic: The Paid Ministry of Cogwa

  1. Larry Evans says:

    The new Worldwide should take a lesson from the CGI. From the time it was founded by Garner Ted Armstrong in 1978 until after his departure, they have survived without a large paid ministry. With only GTA, Ron Dart and a handful of others, which probably could be counted on the fingers of one hand, on the payroll, the church grew to over 5,000 by 1995, when GTA’s indiscretions led to a mass exodus of members over the next three years. Many elders were church pastors in addition to holding down full-time jobs. Members learned to be more self-reliant. A small congregation does not need a salaried minister. This would leave them more funds for spreading their message.

    • This is a good point–there are others (including elders formerly of CGI, like my friend Mr. Jon Garnant) who might be able to provide fuller insight on how unpaid ministers can serve congregations as was done in that organization. Despite false accusations from the founders of Cogwa, the United Church of God is committed to a full-time ministry as there are many ministers (including one I have had personally, Mr. Robin Webber, who have been on record as stating that they love their jobs and could not afford to do it in certain parts of the country, like Los Angeles, without receiving a salary). Given that one of the complaints that whipped up the support of ministers against United was the commitment of the Cogwa leadership to a paid ministry and the false accusations that United sought to get rid of their paid ministry, it seems ironic that finances may force Cogwa to examine their own model of the paid ministry, especially if they wish to engage in public evangelism on a large scale (through tv, print media, and so on).

  2. Tee says:

    Another portion of the meeting was on preaching the gospel. While print media and television were briefly mentioned at the start, the bulk of the presentation focused on the web. If I recall correctly, cost effectiveness was specifically mentioned.

    Unfortunately, I think a darker funding alternative is also plausible… one focused on yet another push to draw tithe-paying members away from UCG.

    • They are certainly free to try. Nonetheless, having sought for many months to undermine United from within, they will no doubt find it more difficult to attack it from without, especially given the fact that the character of their leaders and their unethical conduct of theft on the local congregational level in places as far flung as Santiago, Chile, Hong Kong, New Zealand, and Florida is becoming better known. I would think that they might find more suitable sheep for their sheep-shearing operations in an organization like Living that has fewer paid ministers and a membership with a higher tolerance for hierarchy. I am not surprised that they are looking for web-based media due to its cost effectiveness compared to more “traditional” media approaches.

      • Alex says:

        Hang on Nathan,

        You’re accusing Ministers, Shepherds of Chirst’s flock of theft!! I know this is your blog and you can saywhat you like, but at least have the courage to state exactly you you mean by these general statements.

        As God is all our witness, your comfortable writing that these people stole money?

        You’re all blind to the fact that Chirst never wanted to have modernised, global Church organisations that exist only by donations of members.
        Read Matt 19:16-26, can a paid ministry do the same?

        I don’t think God neads a paid ministry to spread the gospel in all the world, I think you underestimate Him if you do.
        I’m by myself, I affiliate with all members in the body of christ and I spread the Gospel unto the world by the example I live trying to emulate Chirst.

        I feel sorry for all these ministers everywhere who went to AC and never worked in the real world. They are now stuck, influenced by their own financial stability instead of the seeking the truth.

      • Alex, I don’t know where you’re coming from, but I will answer your questions.

        1. I have seen with my own eyes the partial return of stolen property by Cogwa, though some property remains stolen by the admission of Cogwa ministry. What I provide are not accusations, but assertions proven by facts. I have first hand accounts of shady business both in Florida (where I have witnessed certain matters myself), as well as other places. So yes, I am comfortable saying that these people stole money, because they did, in many areas (though not all).
        2. The early Church had a “global” ministry supported by members, where brethren were expected to show hospitality to visiting ministers (see 3 John), though some ministers (like Paul) did not claim their God-given right for support because of their concern for the “strings attached” by the brethren.
        3. God does not need us to do anything–but He commands us to do certain things because it is through our own service and obedience that we acquire the character of God within us, which is His purpose for calling men and women into His family. Our efforts are not needed for His will to be accomplished, but God does not create character by fiat, so our obedience is necessary for ourselves.
        4. I too feel sorry for these ministers. They were ordained prematurely as novices, contrary to scripture. Many of them have no job experience outside of the ministry, and now they are stuck. I am not hateful enough not to have compassion on them in their suffering, though they brought it on themselves.

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